Writing up qualitative research: Tips to craft the literature review chapter

Qualitative research, an exploratory research, offers deep insights into the research problem and assists to develop hypothesis or ideas required for the potential research. Qualitative research is a highly rewarding process as it engages the reader with concepts that matter and the ways in which it matters. Using qualitative research one can explore dimensions of the social world such as the texture of life and the experiences, understandings, & opinions of research respondents. Qualitative data collection approaches differ as per unstructured or semi-structured techniques. Some of the common approaches include individual interviews, focus groups, and participation/observations. 

In qualitative research, an argument develops throughout data collection, analysis and organisation process. This makes qualitative writing in essence different from other forms of research writing. Qualitative writing is an unfolding story where the scholar adds sense to the data. However, writing a qualitative research is easier said than done. One has to structure the dissertation and know what needs to be included within each chapter. Although a qualitative research includes sections such as the introduction, methodology, data analysis, results, conclusions, etc. Among these, the most complex but important chapter is the literature review section which determines what the research is worth. 

The literature review section must be written from a specific standpoint to express the aims or describe views on the nature of the research topic as well as how it will be investigated. In addition to this, the literature analysis that has been performed in relation to the proposed research must also be included. To accomplish a scholar must follow three crucial principles of literature review: be focused & critical, avoid mere description and credibility to the previous authors. That is, 

  • Show a crucial perspective on what you have perused. Approach the literature source with questions. Remember, your ultimate goal is to advance it and not merely marvel at its contributions. 
  • Although you are pursuing a narrow research topic, you shouldn’t disconnect your study from the previous works. However, while evaluating the sources you should whether or not you need to include the prior context. 
  • Background literature can be explained briefly, maybe in a sentence or two, but most of the studies must be critiqued rather than reported. 

So what needs to be included in this chapter? As per the writers offering dissertation writing service, the literature review must provide information such as (a) what you know about the chosen topic and (b) whether a similar study has already been conducted. In addition also include details regarding (c) where does your work fit in with previous work and (d) the worthiness of your research to your target readers. 

Literature review chapter must be organised to lead your readers coherently to your research objectives. If you have already crafted this chapter but have missed out crucial points or haven’t organised it aptly, then take help from editors providing dissertation editing service. 

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